|author||Guilhem Moulin <email@example.com>||2016-05-22 06:12:37 +0200|
|committer||Guilhem Moulin <firstname.lastname@example.org>||2016-05-22 06:12:37 +0200|
Convert ideology/fscons-2010 page to Pandoc Markdown.
Diffstat (limited to 'ideology')
1 files changed, 89 insertions, 62 deletions
diff --git a/ideology/fscons-2010.mdwn b/ideology/fscons-2010.mdwn
index d3096a2..6368619 100644
@@ -1,4 +1,5 @@
-# Syndicated E-mail Service Against Software as a Service
+Syndicated E-mail Service Against Software as a Service
Denna sida innehåller dels allmänna anteckningar om Friposts bidrag
till FSCONS 2010 genom Gustav Eek och Stefan Kangas, och dels
@@ -12,24 +13,23 @@ to directly read the article text.
-# Anteckningar om föreningens bidrag till konferensen FSCONS 2010
+Anteckningar om föreningens bidrag till konferensen FSCONS 2010
- * *Authors* – Gustav Eek and Stefan Kangas
+ * *Authors* - Gustav Eek and Stefan Kangas
+ * *Contact email* - email@example.com
+ * *Preferred timeslot* - 30 min
+ * *Proposal title* - Olika förslag...
+ * "[Syndicated](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/syndicate) E-mail
+ Service Against Software as a Service"
+ * "Serve our self the server service"
+ * "Servicing our own software as a service"
+ * "Defeating SaaS by socializing email services"
+ * "Collaborative email servers against SaaS"
- * *Contact email* – firstname.lastname@example.org
- * *Preferred timeslot* – 30 min
- * *Proposal title* – Olika förslag...
- * "[Syndicated](https://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/syndicate) E-mail
- Service Against Software as a Service"
- * "Serve our self the server service"
- * "Servicing our own software as a service"
- * "Defeating SaaS by socializing email services"
- * "Collaborative email servers against SaaS"
-## Proposal summary
It is becoming increasingly common for persons and organizations to
hire external services for e-mail handling, and even for the use of
@@ -46,7 +46,8 @@ that guarantees that it is
* of independent means,
* democratically structured,
* built on trust between its members, and
- * ready to be far-reaching with regards to avoiding traffic logging and to protect the members privacy.
+ * ready to be far-reaching with regards to avoiding traffic logging and
+ to protect the members privacy.
The service that we are hoping to create is a full featured e-mail
solution with high reliability and accessibility.
@@ -70,13 +71,17 @@ users away from private suppliers of e-mail and other services, to
either join our association or even better start more similar
-## Other information
It is preferred from our point of view that the talk is scheduled in
an early stage of the conference. This since the hope is to raise
questions for further discussion during the conference.
-# Antagen till konferensen
+Antagen till konferensen
Den 24 juli blev föredraget "Syndicated E-mail Service Against
Software as a Service" antagen till temat "Infrastructure" på FSCONS
@@ -93,24 +98,28 @@ Det är ett antal saker som vi från Jonas Öberg blivit ombedda att
utföra och återkomma till Jonas och Jeremiah angående.
1. Granska den föreslagna sammanfattningen av föredraget och revidera
- det med det övergripande temat i åtanke och om något tillkommit i
+ det med det övergripande temat i åtanke och om något tillkommit i
2. Om vi har några begränsningar vad gäller schemaläggningen.
3. Frågan om när vi kommer till Göteborg och om vi ska vara med på de
- sociala tillställningarna.
+ sociala tillställningarna.
Frågan är också om konferensen vill ha någon längre artikel för
föredraget. I så fall vore det bra att sätta igång med det nu,
snart. En idé skulle vara att översätta principförklaringen om den kan
skrivas på ett tillräckligt vetenskapligt sätt.
-# Second article for the conference
+Second article for the conference
This is the second proposal, which is longer and more adjusted to the
infrastructure theme description. The proposal follows declaration of
User freedom is the most important property of tomorrows
infrastructure. This property is necessary to safeguard the relative
@@ -125,14 +134,16 @@ freedom are identified. We then present the *Free Email Association*,
what built up infrastructure we have, and our principles. Finally we
try to sketch what we think the future paths might look like.
The centralisation of influence and rectification of decision-making
is not unique for the Internet. This is written in a wider context of
general social criticism of economic and cultural globalisation and
the current forms of the globalisation of information flows. Many
decisions are made in multi-lateral arenas where the democratic
-control is limited.^1 A decreasing number of transnational operators,
+control is limited.[^1] A decreasing number of transnational operators,
not only controls the means of production and the production of goods,
but also have great influence in markets demands.
@@ -146,32 +157,36 @@ segments of important infrastructure that millions of users depend on
every day. Those who control the technology and its infrastructure
also have power over its users.
-## Computing, computer labour, and power over the infrastructure
+Computing, computer labour, and power over the infrastructure
The *Free Software Foundation* suggest definition of *free software*
consisting of four requirements: the "freedom to run, copy,
distribute, study, change and improve the software". (Free Software
Foundation "The Free Software Definition") As a complement to those we
define the more general *freedom with regard to own computer labour*
-^2 as requiring that
+[^2] as requiring that
1. the work is performed exclusively with free software,
2. the work is performed with computer hardware that entirely is at
- one's possession and control,
+ one's possession and control,
3. the information worked with is information that one possess, and
4. the result from the computer work also is at one's possession and
We here use "information" to denote data and documents that are the
object to computer work. In this context *computer labour* is all use
of computers, and *own computer labour* is computer work performed for
-one's own part. ^3
+one's own part.[^3]
-## Internet and its servers
+Internet and its servers
The *Internet* seen as an infrastructure scheme was constructed as a
distributed *peer-to-peer* non-hierarchical network of independent and
-self-determined parts. ^4 Despite this immanent property, the Internet
+self-determined parts.[^4] Despite this immanent property, the Internet
today, seen from a regular user's point of view, is structured in a
hierarchical manner around a decreasing number of server clouds, which
are continuously growing in size and power. Historically the meaning
@@ -182,7 +197,9 @@ independent. For example social networking sites, like Facebook, often
require their users to perform their work directly on the company's
servers. (Moglen 2010)
-## Software as a service
+Software as a service
A concept introduced in the spirit of centralisation is *Software as a
Service* (SaaS). Shortly SaaS is that users are invited to perform
@@ -200,7 +217,9 @@ is non-free in a double sense; using SaaS also leads to *vendor
lock-in*. However, the complex of lock-in problems reach far outside
-## The infrastructure of email
+The infrastructure of email
The email infrastructure is not an exception from the tendency towards
centralisation and rectification of Internet's services and usage. We
@@ -225,16 +244,18 @@ concern to the sender, but there is generally no human activity
(directly) involved and thus no actual work performed. In principle
the same holds also for the process of receiving email. However, most
popular email services are not content with that. Stallman writes,
-<blockquote>Some sites whose main service is publication and
-communication extend it with *contact management*: keeping track of
-people you have relationships with. Sending mail to those people for
-you is not SaaS, but keeping track of your dealings with them, if
-substantial, is SaaS. (Stallman 2010)</blockquote> And using SaaS is
-not free computer labour. Furthermore, whether hiring a company for
-handling one's email imply usage of SaaS or non-free computer labour
-might not be the only matter of importance.
+> Some sites whose main service is publication and communication extend
+> it with *contact management*: keeping track of people you have
+> relationships with. Sending mail to those people for you is not SaaS,
+> but keeping track of your dealings with them, if substantial, is SaaS.
+> (Stallman 2010)
+And using SaaS is not free computer labour. Furthermore, whether hiring
+a company for handling one's email imply usage of SaaS or non-free
+computer labour might not be the only matter of importance.
-## Privacy and survelliance
+Privacy and survelliance
With large clientele comes a lot of power. Google is currently not the
largest email service provider; both Windows Live Hotmail and Yahoo
reCAPTCHA service, which indirectly exposes individuals to Google's
-## Organisation for a change
+Organisation for a change
Technology has never been neutral. Behind technology changes and
innovations today lies commercial interests and social factors. On the
@@ -307,7 +330,9 @@ attention. A declaration of principles serve as a founding document
for the association, but still a high level of trust is laid on the
-## On the long term
+On the long term
We recommend and encourage everyone to perform their computer labour
with free software at machines that are in their own possession. But
@@ -327,7 +352,7 @@ No one in their right mind would put their blind trust in a government
that was dabbling in surveillance on a scale anywhere near what Google
is doing. But when it comes to Google, their marketing strategy has
been so successful that many people need no additional guarantees that
-Google will behave – people are willing to take Google's word
+Google will behave - people are willing to take Google's word
The reasons behind the described changeover of the Internet are
@@ -340,26 +365,28 @@ free alternatives. In the long-term, however, we realize that a larger
social change on a structural level is necessary. The best we can hope
for is to give a small contribution to bringing about that change.
-^1 Good, recent examples are the European Unions IPRED directive or
-the ACTA agreement.
+[^1]: Good, recent examples are the European Unions IPRED directive or
+ the ACTA agreement.
-^2 Stallman uses *your own computing* to denote what we call *one's
-own computer labour*.  We use the latter because of its broader
+[^2]: Stallman uses *your own computing* to denote what we call *one's
+ own computer labour*.  We use the latter because of its broader
-^3 Stallman points out that work performed as employee in some company
-or in a cooperation project as Wikipedia is not one's own computer
-work, but a part of that company's or project's work. In that case it
-is not one's own freedom that is threatened, but the company's or
-project's. (stallman 2010):
+[^3]: Stallman points out that work performed as employee in some company
+ or in a cooperation project as Wikipedia is not one's own computer
+ work, but a part of that company's or project's work. In that case
+ it is not one's own freedom that is threatened, but the company's
+ or project's. (stallman 2010):
-^4 Technically the parts of a network are *nodes*, which in the case
-of Internet are servers, switches, and personal computers, and
-*edges*, which are interconnecting wires.
+[^4]: Technically the parts of a network are *nodes*, which in the case
+ of Internet are servers, switches, and personal computers, and
+ *edges*, which are interconnecting wires.
*  Turner, M. et.al. (2003). "Turning Software into a Service",
Computer vol. 36, IEEE Computer Society 2003.